Type 1 Diabetes its symptoms, risk-factors & management

July 15, 2017Diabetes Care

Type 1 Diabetes its symptoms, risk-factors & management

July 15, 2017
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Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because there is low production of insulin, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. If the body does not make enough insulin or the insulin does not work the way it should, glucose will not be able to enter the body’s cells. Instead the glucose will remain in the blood, causing an increase in blood glucose level.

Diabetes is of three main types – Type 1 and Type 2 and gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women during the second or third trimester. Symptoms disappear after the baby is born. Type 2 diabetes is the most common one, affecting 80-90% of diabetes patients. It is known as adult-onset diabetes as its incidence increases with age. It is considered a lifestyle disease as obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and diet have a significant impact on the risk of Type 2 diabetes.

Type-1 diabetes, sometimes called juvenile diabetes, usually affects children or young adults. In most cases, the body’s immune system attacks the pancreas, lowering its ability to produce the insulin needed to manage blood sugar.

Some of the symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes are:

  • Unusual weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased appetite
  • Blurred vision
  • Tiredness
  • Numbness in the feet
  • Irritability and mood changes

Risk factors for Type 1 Diabetes

Though research is still ongoing to find the causes of Type 1 Diabetes, certain factors can increase a person’s risk of developing this condition.

  • Genetics
  • Family health history
  • Diseases of pancreas
  • Geography (risk increases as you travel away from the equator)
  • Age (It usually develops in children aged 4-7 and 10-14)

Some other possible risk factors include:

  • Low vitamin D levels
  • Certain viruses
  • Drinking water containing nitrates
  • Being born with jaundice

Managing Type 1 Diabetes

Complications from type 1 diabetes can affect major organs in your body, including heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Keeping your blood sugar level close to normal most of the time can dramatically reduce the risk of many complications.

There is no cure for Type 1 Diabetes, but with a little care, an affected person can have a very normal and fulfilling life. A person with Type 1 will have to watch what they eat. Foods that are low in fat, salt and have no or very little added sugar are ideal. Consume foods that have complex carbohydrates, rather than fast carbohydrates. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains – foods that are highly nutritious, low in fat, and low in calories. Even sugary foods are acceptable now and again if you include them in your food plan. A diet that controls the person’s blood sugar level as well as his/her blood pressure and cholesterol levels will help achieve the best possible health. Portion size is also important in order to maintain a healthy body weight.

Seek the help of our Nutritionist to help you create the ideal diet plan for you. This will ensure that you are in the best of health and can live life to the fullest.

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