The main types of exercises are given below:
Cardiovascular/Aerobic exercise helps to strengthen heart and bones, improves circulation and relieve stress. Examples include walking, swimming, cycling, aerobics, gardening, climbing, jumping, dancing, skating etc.
Strength/Resistance exercise helps to improve insulin function, strengthen and tone bones and muscles and improve balance and posture. Examples include lifting, pulling, or pushing heavy weights, sit-ups, push-ups, and exercise with elastic bands.
Stretching/Flexibility exercise which helps to keep your muscles and joints relaxed, supple, toned and mobile and increases flexibility. Examples are yoga, working with an exercise ball.