Type 1: Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and accounts for 5-10% of total cases of diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes usually are thin or normal weight It occurs when insulin-making cells in pancreas are destroyed by the body. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. And, people with type 1 diabetes requires lifelong insulin injections for survival.
Type 2: Type 2 diabetes is commonly diagnosed in adults but now even younger people are getting it. Type 2 diabetes, accounts for 85-90% of total cases. Being overweight and poor lifestyle are the major causes. In type 2 diabetes either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells cannot effectively utilize the insulin. It usually managed with lifestyle changes like healthy diet and increased physical activity initially. But due to its progressive nature medication and/or insulin are often required.
Pre-Diabetes: Pre-diabetes is often called borderline diabetes or pre-diagnosis of diabetes, which is an intermediate condition between normality and diabetes. Some people may have impaired fasting glucose (IFT), higher than normal fasting levels, or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), or have higher than normal sugar levels following eating, or both. But in both the conditions blood glucose level (blood sugar levels) are higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to be considered diabetes. People with pre-diabetes are at high risk of developing to diabetes. Although it can be reversible if appropriate lifestyle measures are taken on time.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood sugar (glucose) levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes. Pregnancy hormones cause the body to become resistant to insulin leading to higher blood sugar levels. It is often controlled with a specific meal plan, lifestyle changes but may also require insulin. It’s a temporary condition and usually disappears after the baby is born. However, In future, both mother and baby are at higher risk of developing diabetes.